Friday, May 18, 2018

Happenings

Yes, I’ve neglected the blog again, and the season has finished up with a handful of early blog posts to speak of. So here is the low-down on what happened this Summer, and what will be happening this Winter.

Sarracenia collection, 5 November 2017

Sarracenia collection, 25 November 2017

The plants did ok, but just ok.

Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea garden, 25 November 2017

The best were the Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea, but they were nowhere near as good as they were in the bog gardens – compare them with the below shot of the same plants in a bog garden:

Red pitcher plants, Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea FRT 1-1

Virtually every plant was a shadow of their former bog garden glory. As this was their second season post repotting, it looks like the trend has been set – Sarracenia just don’t do as well in pots under my current conditions.

Sarracenia flava var. rubricorpora, 25 November 2017

Here’s a comparison of the plants that had the biggest loss of colour – S. flava var. rubricorpora – between how they looked in pots this year (above) and in the bog garden two years back (below).

Sarracenia flava var. rubricorpora, Reytter's clone  Sarracenia flava var. rubricorpora 'FRT 1'

The colours in the bog gardens were amazing, whereas they could have been mistaken for S. flava var. flava in the pots. Other than the change to pots, their growing conditions were identical. Clearly, the plants are not happy being in pots. Given how depressing the plants looked, I didn’t post anything.

Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea collection, late summer 2017-2018 season.

Summer this year was hot, and arrived a little early. This resulted in the S. flava being over and done before Christmas, with the plants really looking good for a week or two – a real let down. But at least everything caught a lot of insects when the going was good, so the rhizomes are in good condition despite the lack of colour on the pitchers. The temperatures really bleached out the pitchers, again much more so than when they were in bog gardens. Pots just don’t have the same thermal mass, I suspect.

Drosera burmannii with prey

The new year brought a very nice surprise – an announcement that the Australasian Carnivorous Plant Society (which I used to frequent when we would go to Sydney more regularly) was opening meetings in Canberra. The first meeting was at fellow Sarracenia grower Ross R’s place for a BBQ and much discussion of carnivorous plants and how the season had been in the Canberra area. I’ve been to every meeting since, and even gave a presentation on  mosquitoes and how to control them in CP setups. In short – growing numbers of Sarracenia in trays will breed large numbers of Aedes and Culex mosquitoes, especially the Common Backyard Mosquito, Aedes notoscriptus. Here are some photos of that species biting me:

Aedes (Rampamyia) notoscriptus (Skuse, 1889) Aedes (Rampamyia) notoscriptus (Skuse, 1889)

Despite them being bloodsuckers, they are rather beautiful insects when seen under magnification. As far as control goes, either grow plants requiring a water tray in a bog garden following the mosquito-proofing suggestions I made elsewhere on the blog, or use chemicals. I use either NoMoz pellets (an insect growth regulator) or Aquatain (a surface treatment that suffocates mature mosquito larvae and pupae). FOLLOW THE LABEL DIRECTIONS when using any chemical! Neither product has caused harm to my plants, and both can be brought at Bunnings, albeit with Aquatain sold under the name Mosquito Drops. One thing that does not work – and is actually counterproductive – is letting water trays dry out (smaller trays can be emptied out, but you need to be on top of it for reasons that about to become clear). The reason it is counterproductive is because Aedes mosquito eggs are drought resistant, and actually need to dry out before they will hatch. They are perfectly adapted to water trays, and even if you dump out the water, more larvae will hatch as soon as you refill them. I even busted the myth that CPs are super mosquito catchers – a Byblis brought into the AUSCPS meeting I spoke at (ostensibly as proof that CPs catch loads of mosquitoes!) proved to have two mosquitoes and several hundred fungus gnats (Sciaridae) snared on the leaves! I must have done a good job, as I got a number of people come back to me saying how interested they now were in mosquitoes – and not because they were wanting to kill them off! Last meeting, I was asked by Ross R to dissect some of his Sarraenia pitchers to ID what insects were in them – lots of fun!

Drosera adelae terrarium; AUSCPS meeting Heliamphora tatei; AUSCPS Canberra meeting

Some lovely plants have made their appearance at the AUSCPS meetings here, with loads of plants being offered for sale. Above are some of my favourites – a bowl of Drosera adelae grown by Barry, and a Heliamphora. Owen O’Neil (Strange World Carnivores) also brought in loads of Sarracenia leucophylla and their hybrids, plus some S. alabamensis. For those in Canberra, the meetings are great to come along to!

Venus flytrap collection Coseup of Venus' flytrap 'Big Tomato'

A sad loss this season was virtually all of my flytraps due to my mishandling them, which was as depressing as the poor pitcher colouration. I had planned to put them into a minibog, but underestimated how long the sealant would take to dry. That meant the plants had to sit in a bucket of water for a few days. When I planted them out, they rotted. Thanks to Owen and members of the AUSCPS here (and a couple of judicious purchases), I have the flytrap collection mostly back, with a few extra forms. I was however very relieved to find a plant of Jessica & Peter Biddlecombe’s “Red Crescent” flytrap, which must be the only piece of it left in cultivation! Fortunately it got some size on quickly before winter, so I am confident it will not be lost to history. The only plant I am still in need of is John Creevey’s excellent selfing of Pink Venus.

Sarracenia leucphylla 'Pink English' Sarracenia leucophylla

Autumn brought out the Sarracenia leucophylla in their white-topped glory. This is their second year with me and they are looking great (thanks again Owen!!!).

Meadow argus butterfly (Junonia villida calybe) feeding on a white-topped pitcher plant (Sarracenia leucophylla) Sarracenia leucophylla "Big Mouth" autumn traps, 2017-2018 season

But I can’t help think how much better they would probably look if grown in a bog garden.

As of last Friday came the first frosts – a relief after a record breaking Summer. We are indeed due for ongoing frosts nearly daily now. Fortunately, the S. leucophylla still look very good until well into winter here.

Outcomes from this season – I am going back to bog gardens. IME, if you want to grow the best Sarracenia possible, nothing beats a well prepared and well-sited bog garden. Sure its some hassle and a lot more effort to set up, but putting in the hard work up front means rewards of beautiful plants for years afterwards with little to no effort. I’ll make sure lots of photos are taken, so watch this space.

Till then,

JN.

Saturday, October 21, 2017

The collection in flower, 2017

Sarracenia collection i flower, 2017

Finally – the collection is in flower and the first pitchers are opening!

Sarracenia in flower, 2017

This is the Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea / all red flava pond - most of these are FRT 1-1.

Sarracenia in flower, 2017

The flava var. flava/maxima/rugellii/cuprea/ornata pond (so striped/veined/green and cut throat flava). The pot at right is a mini-bog I set up just for my VFTs. Behind it is the red tube (flava var. rubricorpora) pond.

Sarracenia in flower, 2017

And finally, the leucophylla pond.

Sarracenia leucophylla cv. Tarnok in flower, 2017 Sarracenia leucophylla flowers, 2017 

There’s only a few leucophylla flowers open so far – cv. Tarnok and a random clone from my friend Owen. The majority of the other clones are still a week or so off flowering yet.

Sarracenia flava var. cuprea 'Gotcha Plants heavy vein', 2017 Sarracenia flava var. cuprea 'Gotcha Plants heavy vein' in flower, 2017

This is a flava var. cuprea I got from Gotcha! Plants back in 2009. Its been a very solid performer.

Sarracenia flava var. cuprea 'Fly Free Zone F1' in flower, 2017 Sarracenia flava var. cuprea 'Fly Free Zone F1" in flower, 2017

Another coppertop flava, this is ‘F1’ (as in flava clone # 1) from Fly Free Zone (David & Felicity Martin). Over 30 years old and still one of the better coppertops around.

Sarracenia flava var. maxima 'Harleyville, NC' in flower, 2017 Sarracemia flava var. maxima 'Harleyville, NC' in flower, 2017

Here’s the only Sarracenia with pitchers fully opened – flava var. maxima ‘Honeysuckle Road, Harleyville, NC’. Greg Bourke imported a load of seed from this locality in the early 2000s, germinated some and gave the rest to other growers, one of whom was Ron Abernethy, who then gave this and a few other plants to me. Var. maxima are a surprising rarity here in OZ; most I’ve grown turned out to be a hybrid with Sarracenia alata, or produced a copper lid if grown in full sun.

Sarracenia flava var. flava 'Harleyville, NC via RSBG Sydney' in flower, 2017 Sarracenia flava in flower, 2017

At left is another Harleyville, NC, plant, this time a var. flava. I brought this plant at the Sydney meeting of the International Carnivorous Plant Society in 2007; it sometimes produces very pronounced teeth on the umbrella of the flower. At right is another var. flava, this time fro Gotcha! Plants in Queensland.

Sarracenia flava var. flava 'Gotcha! Plants clone' in flower, 2017 Sarracenia flava in flower with Drosera binata var. multifida (Blue Mountains clone), 2017 Sarracenia flava in flower, 2017

Sarracenia flava var. flava 'Gotcha! Plants clone' in flower, 2017 Sarracenia flava in flower, 2017

A few more assorted flava flowers, noting also that the Blue Mountains Drosera binata growing in the same pots are also out of dormancy.

Sarracenia flava var. aropurpurea (FRT 1-1 x Reytter's atropurpurea), 2017 Sarracenia 'David Martin' in flower, 2017

Here’s a couple of special things from the all red flava pond. At left is a cross between FRT 1-1 and a clone of flava var. atropurpurea I used to grow from Phil Reytter of Lithgow. Phil’s plant was not very vigorous, so it went from the collection last year. But its cross with FRT 1-1 is very vigorous. At right is a Sarracenia x moorei backcross I like to call ‘David Martin’ after its breeder. It produces spectacular red tubed pitchers with very heavily veined lids. Its been a bit temperamental in the collection here, but I’m hoping that it will come good for me this year.

Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea ' FRT 1-1' in flower, 2017 Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea (leucophylla introgressed) 'FRT 1-1', 2017

And to close, the flowers of FRT 1-1, a leucophylla-introgressed all red flava grown by David from imported seed in the 1970s.

Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea 'FRT 1-1' (leucophylla introgressed) in flower, 2017

‘Till next time!

Friday, October 6, 2017

Inching closer to the first 2017 Sarracenia flowers…

The Sarracenia collection in full bud, 2017

The first Sarra flower of the year is getting close – nearly all the plants have produced scapes that have started to nod forwards. Note the pond at upper middle is less developed than the rest of the ponds; these are the Sarracenia leucophylla.

Sarracenia flava var. ornata 'Biddlecombe's heavy vein', unopened flowers and pitchers Sarracenia flava var. maxima (Honeysuckle Road, Harleyville, NC) unopened pitchers and flowers

The first to open is going to be a coin-toss between S. flava var. ornata ‘Biddlecombe heavy vein’ and a nice clone of S. flava var. maxima from Honeysuckle Road, Harleyville.

Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea flower buds, 2017-2018 season

The Sarracenia flava var. atropurpurea ‘FRT 1-1’ contingent may have been the first to appear, but they have been well and truly overtaken.

20171006_172045

As mentioned above, the Sarracenia leucophylla are usually always a little bit later to flower than the S. flava. These are the flower buds of cv. “Tarnok”. Its taken since 2009 when I first got them from Gotcha! Plants to get them to a decent population. I’m thinking it may be an idea to hybridize some of them with any overlapping S. flava varieties to see what I get.

20171006_172159

Elsewhere in the collection, the sundews are beginning to emerge from dormancy. These new leaves of D. binata only opened in the last few days. They are always a spectacular sight at this stage of their development…


Drosera filiformis ssp. filiformis

As are Drosera filiformis. These are the typical variety.

Pleiospilos Lithops

To close, here are some succulents – a flowering Pleiospilos nelii stone plant (which remarkably takes our winters with very little protection) and an unnamed Lithops.